Breaking Down the Essentials of Legalization and Translation Services: Everything You Need to Know

Legalization & Translation Services

Legalization and translation services are crucial for individuals and businesses that require documentation to be recognized by foreign governments, organizations, or institutions.

* Legalization is the process of authenticating a document to be used in a foreign country, while translation involves rendering a document from one language to another.

* Documents are classified primarily as personal, educational, and commercial. Every document has a different purpose and its own issuance. However, the issuance of documents is insufficient without their authentication and legalization. If the document is not issued by the local government, its eligibility needs to be authenticated.

Why Legalization and Translation Services Are Important -

Legalization and translation services are essential for a variety of reasons, including:

  1. Ensuring Legitimacy: Legalization services authenticate and certify the validity of a document so that it is legally recognized by foreign governments, institutions, and organizations. This is particularly important for businesses and individuals who want to operate or reside in a foreign country.
  2. Breaking Down Language Barriers: Translation services bridge the gap between different languages, making it easier for individuals and businesses to communicate effectively across borders. Accurate translation is essential to avoid misunderstandings, errors, and miscommunications that could cause costly and time-consuming problems.
  3. Meeting Legal Requirements: Many legal systems have specific requirements for document translation and legalization, and failure to comply with these requirements could result in rejection or delays in processing. Legalization and translation services ensure that the documents meet the specific requirements of the foreign jurisdiction.
  4. Facilitating International Trade: Legalization and translation services enable businesses to engage in international trade by ensuring that their documents, such as contracts, licenses, and agreements, are legally binding and enforceable in foreign jurisdictions
  5. Ensuring Compliance: Legalization and translation services ensure that documents comply with the legal and regulatory requirements of the foreign jurisdiction, including laws related to privacy, confidentiality, and data protection.

Legalization and translation services are critical for individuals and businesses that operate in foreign jurisdictions. These services ensure that documents are legitimate, compliant, and accessible, making it easier for businesses to expand into new markets and for individuals to live and work abroad

The common documents that require legalization are – 

  • Educational Documents:  Pursuing higher education in a foreign country or while applying for an employment visa, every single document has to be verified from the place of issuance and attested by the State designated Authority (Human Resource – HRD / Higher Education – HED / Home Department – SHD.) followed by the MEA Attestation/ Apostille. Based on the country of travel, translation and legalization from the foreign Mission in India may be needed. 
  • Non-Educational Documents : All Non-Educational or personal documents have to be verified from the place of issuance and attested by the State designated Authority (State Home / Public / Foreigner’s Department) followed by the MEA Attestation/ Apostille. Based on the country of travel, translation and legalization from the foreign Mission in India may be needed. In some cases, supporting affidavits may be required.
  • Commercial Documents : All documents from the business firms such as Power of Attorney /Affidavit, Board Resolutions, Certificate of Incorporation, MOA, AOA etc., which have to be attested by the respective Chamber of Commerce, followed by the MEA Attestation/ Apostille. Based on the country of travel, translation and legalization from the foreign Mission may be needed.

Attestation & Apostille -

Attestation:  An attestation happens when a third party “attests” or witnesses the two involved parties sign a document. The third party then signs a statement that he or she saw the two involved parties sign the document, and sometimes verifies the content itself.

An attestation is needed for procedures like issuing a citizenship proof, enrolling into a college, or any other law-related affairs. Attestation is also done for visa documentation processes or at the time of doing business abroad. 

In India, it is done by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the embassy of the respective country as well. Attestation is done for the countries that are not recognized as apostille countries.


India, since 2005, is a member of the Hague Convention of October 5, 1961 that abolished the requirement of legalization of foreign public documents. Apostille is acceptable in all member-countries of the Convention.  It is done for personal documents like birth/death/marriage certificates, Affidavits, Power of Attorney, etc. and educational documents like degree, diploma, matriculation and secondary level certificates etc. An apostilled document from any member country is treated as legalized document for all purposes in India in accordance with the international obligation under the Convention

How is it done?

Legalization of documents has different procedures for apostille and attestation considering the various forms of a document. The procedure is done at several levels of government authorized organizations. After 1st January 2019, the process for legalization has been decentralised to the Branch Secretariats and the local RPOs which was previously solely done by MEA. 

Documents that require legalisation and their general process is as follows:

  • State Home Department Authentication: Home/General Administration Department of the concerned State Government/Union Territory are the designated authorities for legalization of personal documents like Birth Certificates/Marriage Certificates etc,  . Each state authentication has different requirements & different government bodies that authenticates documents.
  • State HRD Authentication: Education Department of the concerned State Government/Union Territory first authenticates educational document that requires attestation. Each state authentication has different requirements & different government bodies that can authenticate your documents.
  • Commercial Documents are to be pre-authenticated by the respective Chambers of Commerce. Each state authentication has different requirements and respective government bodies that authenticate business related documents.
  • Central Level: Ministry of External Affairs attestation is done centrally by the concerned officials. MEA verifies digitally approved documents and they are sent to the embassy of the respective country.

  • For Apostille of Documents, MEA is the final step. An apostille sticker and MEA stamp is given on the document after the verification. Attested document with apostille sticker is then dispatched to the applicant. Embassy attestation is done for non-apostille countries only. It is done by stamping the documents after the due verification process. All three categories of documents are attested by the embassy.

Legalization of documents is a complex and time consuming process. Most of the times, it is cumbersome for an individual with hectic work schedule. In such case, apostille and attestation agents can come out to be a great source of relief.

Choosing a Provider You Can Trust -

When selecting a provider for legalization and translation services, it is important to consider the following:

  1. Expertise: Look for a provider with a proven track record in the industry, with expertise in the languages and jurisdictions you require.
  2. Turnaround Time: Choose a provider with a fast turnaround time, as delays can be costly and may affect your application or business operations.
  3. Security: Ensure that the provider has a secure and confidential process for handling your documents.
  4. Cost: Compare the cost of different providers and ensure that you get a fair price for the services you require.

How Our Expertise Can Benefit You -

Expatria provides efficient services for Legalization and Translation process. We assist with the attestation and apostille process for the individuals who are travelling abroad or expats coming to India for travel or work related purpose and even entrepreneurs who are looking to expand their business.

How we work – 

  • Our Experienced  team will first assist you on call or mail with the required documents required from your side and gets the process started same day.
  • We understand the documents provided contains sensitive information which is handled under great supervision of our resource person.
  • We have great networking with vendor chains who are specialised in reaching all important departments that is a part of the document legalization process, be it apostille and attestation.
  • Some attestation and legalization process require translation of documents in the country from or to which an individual is travelling. For that, we provide professional document translation services for almost all major foreign languages like English, Japanese, Russian,  Korean , Chinese etc. and Indian languages like Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu etc.
  • We have certified translators to undertake any complex task of translations and provide the said services at all our offices.

In conclusion, legalization and translation services offer many benefits to individuals and businesses operating in foreign jurisdictions. These services can ensure that your documents are legally binding, compliant with regulations, and accessible to people who speak different languages. By choosing a reputable provider, you can reduce the risk of errors and delays, and facilitate smoother communication and operations.

If you have any questions or would like to learn more about our services, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us at +91-9599198950 or send us an email at


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